Top 3 Basic Steps in Aerobic Septic System Care



Although most people rarely recognize the aerobic septic system, it is a vital part of a house and needs to be cared for and maintained regularly.

A typical aerobic septic tank needs to be checked and maintained at least every three years by a professional aerobic septic system maintenance team and needs to be pumped every three to six years. Additionally system’s physical components need to be checked by a septic tank maintenance team at least once a year. These basic care and maintenance of the septic tank are necessary to make sure that it functions smoothly.

Septic tank pumping frequency is determined by four major factors: the size of the tank, the amount of wastewater produced, the volume of solids in the wastewater, and the size of the household.

Here are some basic tips that you need to do to care for your aerobic septic tank and avoid unnecessary emergency septic tank pumping.

Increase water use efficiency



On average, a typical household spends around 70 gallons of water per member each day. An addition of 200 gallons of water is wasted for any leady or running toilet that is left unfixed.

All this water goes to your septic tank, a conventional septic tank/standard septic tank or aerobic septic system. All this water can increase the likelihood of the need for an emergency pump. It is crucial that to take care of your septic system; you need to limit the amount of water you send to the septic tank by using it efficiently. Not only does efficient water use reduce the risk of failure, but it also enhances the operation of your septic system.

You may use the following simple steps to increase the efficiency of using water:

  • Invest in high-efficiency toilets. Almost a third of household water use that gets sent down to the septic system comes from toilet use. Typical and old model toilets have reservoirs that hold 3.5 to five gallons of water. High-efficiency toilets hold only around 1.6 gallons of water to flush down the toilet. Some models even use less water. Investing in high-efficiency models is one of the best decisions you can make to help care for your aerobic septic system.
  • Use the washing machine efficiently. Use proper load size in washing your clothes. Passing a small load of laundry on a large-load washing machine wastes a lot of energy and water. If you cannot replace your washing machine, or use the correct load size, make sure that you only run full loads of laundry. Inefficient use of washing machines sends down a lot of wastewater to your septic system, which may cause your tank not to have enough time to treat waste and result in a flooded drain field.
  • Use high-efficiency showerheads and faucet aerators. Water flow restrictors help minimize the amount of water entering your system at a time.

The simple steps outlined above could help minimize the amount of water entering your septic system and give it enough time to treat wastewater.

Only human waste and toilet paper must go into your septic system



Remember that everything you put down the drain inevitably goes into the septic system. Be it something you flush down the toilet or pour down the sink, bath, or shower, they all go down to and affect how your septic tank functions.

If you want to care for your septic system, the best course of action is to limit what goes into your septic system to only human waste and toilet paper, nothing else.

Everyday things that get flushed down the drain are coffee grounds, used cooking oil, animal litter, paper towels, medicines, diapers, cigar butts, condoms, dental floss, photographic solutions, wet wipes, and household chemicals such as antifreeze, paint, and paint thinners, pesticides, and gasoline.

You need to realize that the aerobic septic system relies heavily on a collection of living organisms to treat wastewater naturally. Pouring toxic substances or things that these living organisms cannot process can kill them and harm your entire aerobic septic system.

Maintain the drain field



One of the most important components of your aerobic septic system is the drain field. This is where contaminants from the liquid that goes out of your septic tank are removed.

Thus, a drain field must be treated as an integral and vital part of your system. Never park on your drain field and keep it away from rainwater drainage systems such as sump pumps and roof drains. These sources of excess water prevent the septic system from removing contaminants from the wastewater.

Lastly, avoid planting trees near your drain field. Trees must be planted at some safe distance. Plant too close to your drain field, and the trees’ roots will grow into your septic system effectively damaging it. You can consult the help of an aerobic septic system professional to determine the safe distance of trees from your system.

What to do when enlisting the services of an aerobic system/septic tank/septic systems service provider?


The first thing that a septic system professional looks for is leaks in your system. He or she will also inspect the sludge layers and the scum in your septic tank.

These sludge layers and scum are prevented from leaving the tank by a T-shaped outlet. This outlet keeps the scum and sludge from flooding into the drain field. If the bottom of the scum layer is 6 inches from the bottom of the outlet or the top of the sludge layer is at 12 inches of the outlet, then your aerobic septic system must be pumped.

It is crucial that you keep records of any work done on your septic system for reference purposes and to assist future works. In addition, you should also take note of the levels of sludge and scum as found by the aerobic septic system service provider to help you assess and adjust your household activities that affect your septic system. The interval between septic tank pumping and the levels of sludge and scum are excellent information that you could use to help enhance your septic tank care routines.

Should the aerobic septic system professionals recommend repair, hire a repair person immediately or the soonest that you can.

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